. /../Physiology of a Felysian/ 1
written by Shadowclaw on Oct 31, 2004 22:35
I'm re-posting this in a new thread to tidy it up a little. -- Shadowclaw
This is the text of a page which was up on 4t4.org (remember when it was still up?) before Alex moved everything to anywherebb.com. There are a couple of images that go with it, I'll try and get them scanned in sometime this week and edit them in.
Felisians, part one:
Basic biology, technology and mathematic system
Well, as you probably know (at least after having read Ryan Bury's "Noctis Manual"), Felisians (also spelt as "Felysians") are sentient, very longevity lifeforms, that originally evolved on planet Felysia in the Balastrackonastreyan system. The great part of the Felisian race seems to have disappeared many hundreds of years ago, and actually, the remaining Felisians are those who were far from the home systems, carrying on their duty of charting the galaxy; but you already knew this... so let's see how a Felisian actually looks like. First of all, to give you an idea, here's a freehand sketch, and some general information:

[Thanks for uploading this, Stargazer]
General information in brief:
Average weight:7 to 9 kilograms (Kg.)
Average size:41 cm. (height at shoulder) x 76 cm. (length, not including tail)
Internal body temperature (normal):39.5 Celsius degrees
Heart beat (normal):118 pulses per Sithra (142 pulses per minute)
Life expectancy at birth (male/female):138/140 Epocs (4,347/4,410 years)
Fertility rate:34.97 children born per woman
Infant mortality rate:0.032 deaths per 1,000 live births
Food supply:carnivore prowler, feeds on birds, small mammals, reptiles, fish
Min. food requirement:about 450 Kcal/day.
Avg. food requirement:about 850 Kcal/day.
Min. water requirement:about 20 cl/day
Avg. water requirement:about 75 cl/day
Survival temp. (computer-assisted):0.73-950 Kelvin degrees
Survival pressure (computer-assisted):0-440 Felysian atmospheres (0-410 Earth atm.) [this gives 1 Fel. atm = 0.93 Earth atm. - SC]
Resistance to radiation (computer-assisted):550,000 RADs
Resistance to acceleration:6.5 Felysian gravity units (5.2 Earth G) [this gives 1 Fg = 0.8 Earth g - SC]
Sound sensitivity range:65-24,000 Hz
Min. ambient light requirement (naked eye):0.048 lumen
Average brain weight:0.48 Kg
Average absolute IQ (human = 100):105
You knew from the manual, that Felisians evolved from "large cat-like creatures". To clarify, they indeed look very similar to terrestrial cats, the only differences being their size (they are about 45 centimeters tall, approximately the same size as a felis sylvestris lybica, a wild African cat), and the retractile fingers. These little fingers, four per leg, along with the ability to stand erect, are what made Felisians capable of manipulating objects and creating artifacts. Although their brain (as well as their head) is much smaller than the human brain, they are, more or less, as smart as humans, because their neurons are also smaller; but despite the fact that they aren't much smarter than humans, their technology is far superior. This is mainly due to their extremely long lifespan, allowing their scientists more time to create and refine advanced theories.

At present time, Felisian technology has evolved to a point that it's reliable, complex and small enough to be safely integrated with their bodies. Technically, current Felisians are some sort of cyborgs; the body is equipped with a biologically integrated ''space suit'': their skin, and outer body parts, was in fact genetically altered to integrate with the suit. This way, they can survive poetically anywhere in whatever conditions, without having to wear large external devices limiting their movements. The suit also feeds them in emergency, by recycling biological waste, although of course, being carnivore and natural hunters, Felisians still prefers to find planets with indigenous lifeforms to hunt them. The suit also integrates a very fast and powerful microcomputer, based on optical conductors rather than on silicon. This computer's main unit is the little box visible on their back, with the primary function of controlling life support. However, a Felisian wouldn't die if that computer had a malfunction or even if it was entirely removed: simply, in such an evanesce, it couldn't survive to extreme conditions, such as in outer space, as though their genetically altered skin would still resist the absence of an atmosphere, they'd quickly freeze and suffocate because the suit's heating equipment as, together with artificial air supply, is managed by the computer. Another couple of vital functions of that computer is to protect the body from alien viruses and to cure cancer (it's frequent, because of heavy radiations, often not entirely shielded by the Stardrifters, by the suit itself, or by a planet's atmosphere). Finally, the computer controls the communication devices, allowing to remotely access external devices, such as the Stardrifter’s on-board computer. A little photo camera and a personal light source are attached to the small cable that brings energy and real-time data to what's called the Head-up Device (HUD). Apart from hosting the photo camera, the personal light source, and an infra-red communication unit, the HUD is connected to a couple of tiny LCD displays, placed on the eyes like a pair of contact lenses.
Felisian mathematics:
First of all you should know that, despite the fact that the on-board computer, in the simulator, shows values and texts using western human alphabet, English language, and decimal format, Felisians really don't use our same signs to write texts and numbers; also they don't count in base 10. They use their own language, their own alphabet, their own phonemes, and they count in base 5, meaning that their digits are limited to what is called 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4. The reasons why they use base 5 to write values is uncertain, although number 5 has always been considered a "magic" number in the Felisian culture; the most accounted theory that could explain this fact, is that 5 are also the number of planets in the Balastrackonastreyan system. However, this explanation doesn't sound entirely credible, because Felisians didn't seem to care very much for astronomy until they were forced to leave their home planet. At first, counting in base 5 may be difficult for us; however here are some examples to give an idea, using our digits:

Counting forward: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 30...

Decimal to Felisian:
Take the calculator and let's convert a random number, for example 831 (in decimal) to base 5 (Felisian). Basically, you have to find the largest power of 5 that's still lower than 831; of course, that number is 5^4, that is, 625. Now divide 831 by 625, and you get 1.3296. Then subtract from that value its integer part (which is also the first digit of the Felisian number, leaving only 0.3296. Now multiply that (0.3296) by 5, and you get 1.648: again, its Integer value is the second digit of the Felisian number, so subtract it and multiply 0.648 by 5, getting 3.24. The third digit is 3, and the partial remainder is 0.24. Once more, multiple 0.24 by 5, to get 1.2. The fourth digit is 1 and the partial remainder this time is 0.2. Multiply 0.2 by 5, getting exactly 1, the fifth and last digit of the Felisian version of 831. In the end, 831 is written by Felisians as 11311. When do you know where to stop multiplying? Easy: when you choose the first number to divide for (the largest power of 5 below the decimal value), you take the exponent of the value (in this case 4). Call this number n, Well, you have to perform n+1 divisions. That's it...

Felisian to Decimal:
Easy as pie... let's convert back 11311 to decimal, We know it means 831, but that's because 11311 is given by (I'll show all of the steps for better clearance, and remember that any numbers raised to the power of zero give a result of 1):

1*5^4 + 1*5^3 + 3*5^2 + 1*5^1 + 1*5^0 = 
     1*625 + 1*125 + 3*25 + 1*5 + 1*1 = 
               625 + 125 + 75 + 5 + 1 =
                                      = 831 (of course)
Felisian arithmetic’s:
Uhm... they're used to a slightly different algorithm to perform divisions, but you can as well use the "human style". Apart from that difference, the other three fundamental operations (addition, subtraction and multiplication) are practically performed the same way humans do. You have to remember some facts concerning the use of base 5, though: in additions, for example, when you get a value that's greater than 4, you'll have a carry. Same thing will happen in subtractions and in multiplications. For example:

 41322 +
 21102 =
--------
  2424
(no carry performing 2+2, 2+0, 3+1 and 1+1)

 41322 +
 21102 =
--------
112424
(4+2 would give 6, but the highest Felisian digit is 4, so number 6 is written as 11, giving a result of 1, with a carry of 1)

For floating-point arithmetic’s, you "only" have to remember that 0.1 is in reality 1/5, and that 0.01 is in reality 1/25, and that 0.001 is in reality 1/125, and so on... it's not a question of skill, it's just a question of practice; however, you don't really need practicing: the simulator will keep showing texts and numbers using human styles, Eventually, there may be an entirely Felisian version of it, if I can find the time, dedicated to those who REALLY want to play in-character ; ) but for now, these informations are just for your curiosity...
└> last changed by Stargazer on November 02, 2004 at 08:43
written by Shadowclaw on Oct 31, 2004 22:37
I had to split this... - SC
Felisians, part two:
Basic alphabet and signs
Well, talking about their alphabet, Felisians have reduced abilities to emit complex phonemes, so their alphabet is formed by what may be considered a "subset" of our alphabet, They almost always had only one language, because when pre-historical communities united, the minority was always forced to use the majority's language. In effects, Felisians did never show much interest in their own traditions, and in some cases they even hated the concept of "tradition" considering it useless, if not harmful. Thus, any alternative languages or dialects have been completely forgotten since long time. That said, the alphabet is formed by a sequence of signs that are basically variations of a horizontal straight line (originally traced on soft wooden tablets using one of the infradigital claws); surprisingly, like human's western style, the writing goes from left to right and lines are ordered from top to bottom, although epocs ago, when Felisians effectively used wooden tablets to write with one of their claws, writings were going from top to bottom with lines ordered left to right. Not very surprising, in facts: if you use the right hand to trace the signs, and you have to use some kind of ink, they're practically the only ways to keep the hand from messing up the ink; and Felisians DID use ink to make the signs more visible on the wood. But with the introduction of computers, it seemed more comfortable to start writing horizontally, mainly because the eyes' viewfield is horizontally more extended than vertically. Now, here follows a table of the signs. It will require some further explanations, of course...
* Initials, intermediate and finals:
Although Felisians don't use what we call capital letters, they have three different signs for each letter, and the use of them depends on the position of the letter in a single word. Every word starts with the "initial" version of the letter, the letters forming the rest of the word are showed in their "intermediate" versions, and the final letter, of course, is written in its "final" version. Initials, intermediate and finals are listed in the above table: first two lines of the table show initial versions, the two lines below show intermediate versions, and then there are another two lines showing the final versions. To clarity, there are no "standalone" versions of the signs because they're not needed. There aren't words made of a single sign, and for what concerns acronyms, they are normally written using a sequence of initials. Math variables, instead, are assigned to numbers between "parenthesis" where the number works as an "identification code" for the variable. The common order of the letters, as used in dictionaries, can be seen on the above table. As we have our alphabet being a, b, c, d, e... their alphabet is ordered in this way: F/hS, T, K, L, R, V, D, O, C, U, A, S, B, E, G, Y/i, P, M. As you can see, the following letters (and the corresponding sounds) don't exist at all, or in certain circumstances, can be replaced by other signs: H, J, N, Q, W, X, Z. Also, the table poetically represents the standard layout of a Felisian keyboard: in the bottom right corner there would be what we call the "space bar" but Felisians don't use it to normally separate words, because the presence of "initials" and "finals" automatically spaces the words on a screen. However, the "space" key is sometimes used in any other circumstances where you want to leave some space [sort of like a Tab key]. There are no control keys because the control functions (such as cursor arrows, scrolling, carriage returns, tabulations, text formatting in general) are normally performed using touch screens.

* Punctuation marks and the emoticons:
The rightmost column in the table shows the Felisian punctuators. Like our punctuators, they mark pauses between sentences. What we'd call a "slash", the sign in the upper right corner, is practically the equivalent of our "period". The sign below, what we'd call a "hyphen" is the equivalent of our "comma", a shorter pause used in composite sentences. Then there are the Felisian parenthesis, the equivalent of our round brackets, looking like our "greater than" and "less than" signs, only they're relatively bigger. Below the first couple of parentheses there's the SECOND couple of parenthesis (looking like semi-circles), they could be called "nested parenthesis"; humans don't use them. Nested parenthesis are used by Felisians to include another sentence in a sentence that is ALREADY written between "normal" parenthesis. Further things that may be included in the "punctuators" category are the "emoticons". Yes Felisians always used what we'd call "emoticons" in their writings, to empress the language of the body, which is VERY important for them. Emoticons are listed by the last line of the above table. Differently from human emoticons, they don't represent the eyes or the mouth; instead, most of them represent the position of a Felisian's ears, or the movements of its tail. For a few of them, however, the original meaning was lost, although they've actually been assigned a "conventional" meaning.

* F/hS
It's a vowel, although it may seem incredible to us. Think of the sound that a cat makes when it's scared by something - Felisians, as well as cats, can make a similar sound without having to move their tongue, and that's why the most similar sound to our "F" letter is a vowel for them.

* I/Y
"I" and "Y" have the same sound in Felisian, no matter where they’re placed. More generally, all the vowels always have the same sound, the pure sound of the vowel regardless of the letters that proceed them or follow them. There is a perfect two-way identity between all the signs and the associated phoneme. Emoticons are read as the word which means the associated emotion: for example, in our language, you would read "I'll be on vacation : ) for two months!" as
"I'll be on vacation -pause- happy -pause- for two months!"

* Numbers
Numbers are built with, of course, 5 signs.

Digits zero to four could be transliterated to "kar" (0), "flis" (1), "sis" (2), "fur" (3), "sar" (4). That's almost all you have to learn in order to read Felisian numbers, because numbers are always read as a sequence of digits, eventually separated by short pauses to mean that the number ends there, or joining their sounds to mean that the digits are still part of the same number. For instance, number "12" which decimal value is 7, would be read as "flisis" merging the pronunciation of the two digits "flis-sis". Yeah, as long as I'm here, I have to say it's extremely important to remember that double letters are NEVER, absolutely used in the Felisian language; they cannot be there, at all: Felisians would be able to pronounce them, but grammatically, it’s an error.

* Math signs: plus
Two vertical bars. That's it.

* Math signs: minus
A vertical bar joined to a slash.

* Math signs: multiply
Similar to what we'd call a "hash".

* Math signs: divide
A cross! Beware it means a division, not a multiplication!

* Math signs: power raise
Somewhat like an "extended hash" formed by three vertical bars crossed by two horizontal lines. It’s proceeded by the mantissa (x) and followed by the exponent (y), and globally means "x raised to the power of y".

* Math signs: integer value start, integer value end
If a number is enclosed between those two signs, it means the integer value of that number. Beware it's never rounded to the nearest integer, it's always truncated.

* Math signs: partial remainder start, partial remainder end
If a number is enclosed between those two signs, it means the partial remainder of that number, the number minus the integer value of that number itself.

* Math signs: sum
Sum of the values or of the expressions following the sign, where each value is separated by a "comma" that is, by one of those "hyphens".

* Math signs: area
Area of the function following the sign.

* Math signs: log
Six dots aligned on two lines, Works like the power raise sign, being placed between the logarithm's base and the number it refers to. For example, to write "2's logarithm of 8", you would write 2 (sis), the log sign, and 13 (flisfur), meaning 8 in decimal.

* Math signs: pi (3. 141592654...)
Most probably, the sign graphically represents the diameter of a circle, although the bottom part of the circle is omitted.
└> last changed by Stargazer on November 01, 2004 at 16:14
written by Shadowclaw on Oct 31, 2004 22:39
And the final split... - SC
Felisians, part three:
Basic numbers and signs, continued
Math signs, continued

* Math signs: square root
Most probably, the sign graphically represents the “side” of a square, to mean that its function is to calculate the side of a square, given its area. Works like "power raise" and "log".

* Math signs: square of
A simple square. It obviously means "calculate the square" of the number that follows the sign.

* Math signs: minus (negation of a value)
A single middle dot, Used to mark negative values…

* Math signs: absolute value start, absolute value end
If a number is enclosed between those two signs, it means the absolute value of that number, that is, the number without its sign such as our |x|.

* Math signs: sine and cosine
They probably have something to do with the graphical representation of angles and coordinates, though their original etymology is uncertain,

* Math signs: tan (tangent of)
Etymology unknown. Possible weird fusion of sin and cos.

* Math signs: arc tan (arc tangent of)
Etymology unknown. Theoretically, the contrary of "tan".

* Math signs: arc sine and arc cosine
Etymology unknown (as for the arc tangent).

* Math signs: infinity (infinite sequence of, infinite amount)
A circle made of 8 dots. The etymology should be trivial: a circumference is probably associated with an infinite loop.
Emoticons

* Emoticons: interest
Associated emotion: interested (attention).
Etymology: both ears tilted forwards.

* Emoticons: happy
Associated emotion: pleased, happy, it's alright.
Etymology: uncertain.

* Emoticons: anger
Associated emotion: upset, anger, rage, hate.
Etymology: both ears titled backwards.

* Emoticons: sad
Associated emotion: sad, unhappy, you’re wrong.
Etymology: contrary of "happy", of uncertain etymology.

* Emoticons: confused
Associated emotion: puzzled, confused, what's going on?
Etymology: slow oscillations of the tail.

* Emoticons: worried
Associated emotion: worried, scared.
Etymology: fast oscillations of the tail.

* Emoticons: exclaim
Associated emotion: this is important (yelling).
Etymology: unknown. Same as our exclamation point.

* Emoticons: go away
Associated emotion: get away from here, leave me alone.
Etymology: probably represents the concept of separation, as a territorial bound. Often, it simply means you're unwelcome in someone else's territory.

* Emoticons: love
Associated emotion: erm… let's say "I love you".
Etymology:
Copy and paste the following text at your own risk. Possibly explicit content!
More specifically, it sincerely means "let's have sex"… In facts, Felisians don't need much preparation for this. Sex has never been a taboo for them. They don't have problems doing it in public. Also, they don't need to be a male and a female to do that, if you get what I mean; it's 50/50, there are no such restrictions. 99% percent of Felisians do it in both ways without any problems, probably because males aren't physically much different from females. However, despite these facts, they aren't normally very prone to have sex: they often wait whole centuries before doing it again.
That's all, for now. But more infatuations about Felisians, such as their history, technology, culture and social organizations will be given as soon as possible.
└> last changed by Stargazer on November 01, 2004 at 16:25
written by Shadowclaw on Oct 31, 2004 22:56
And that's the whole thing. For the original thread, and some discussion related to this, see

http://anywherebb.com/postline/posts.php?f=5&t=595
└> last changed by Shadowclaw on October 31, 2004 at 23:44
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